The town of Pomorie (population: 14 560) is situated on a peninsula projecting 5 km into the sea. The peninsula is 18 km north-east of Bourgas, and 408 km east of Sofia. Before entering the town one passes through a long and narrow causeway between the sea and the firth. The firth of Pomorie borders the peninsula and this gives the impression of jutting out into it.
There used to be a Thracian settlement here colonized by the Greeks in later times. A colony of the metropolis of Messembria was founded here in 5th century BC. The town was called Anhialo being at the same time a colony of Apolonia as well (today's Sozopol).
The main occupation was fishing, mining and trading of sea salt. The shallow firth presented ideal conditions for that - it was where the first settlers discovered layers of salt in the sand. The ancient town was situated further inward onto the land in the area called Paleokastro where one can see its ruins scattered all over. During the Roman domination Uipia was added to the name of the town and it surpassed even Apolonia in its glory for a long time. Anhialo regained its name in the Middle Ages. It suffered barbarian invasions and in 8th century it was rebuilt by the Byzantine empress Irina. The town was intermittently under Bulgarian and then Byzantine domination, and vice versa, but more often in the Bulgarian territory. In 1366 it was conquered and resold to Byzantium by Amadeus of Savoy and his knights. It fell under Ottoman rule together with Nessebur in 1453. After the Liberation the town regained its power and was of utmost importance in the Bourgas Bay. In 1906 the town burst in fire and nearly burnt down. It is known as a salt-mining centre; fruits and vegetables grow here; wine and tin productions are traditional for the place. Today the main occupation of its inhabitants is tourism; there is a mud-cure establishment.
The mud-cure lake was discovered in 3th-4th centuries BC and was later called the Holy Lake by Anna Komnina (a Byzantine female writer). The first mud-cure establishment was built here in 1902 after the curing properties of mud unique for Europe had been proved. The mud is good for bone and muscular disorders, radiculitis, rheumatism, sciatica, lumbago, discal hernia, etc.
Interesting sights: The old churches - the Transfiguration Church (dating back to 18-19th centuries has a valuable iconostasis and icons) and the Assumption Church (19th century). A stone bas-relief of St. Georgi is preserved in the St. Georgi the Victorious Monastery of Pomorie. A museum collection is arranged in the house of Peyo Yavorov, the reknown Bulgarian poet and there is a monument to his honor near the Yavorov Rocks. A domed tomb-mausoleum (3th-4th century) was found in the area of Kouhata Mogila near Europa Camping. It is interesting for the construction resembling a funnel and is open to visitors.
The most famous restaurants in the town are Tsarevets Restaurant and Peneka Restaurant. Apart from the restaurants at the hotels there are a number of small private establishments, refreshment stairs and shops. One can buy fresh fruits and vegetables at low prices from the local inhabitants directly or at the marketplace. Some rest homes (more than 30 in number) allow non-residential clients to dine at reduced vouchers.
Regular town transport connects Burgas to Pomorie. Route taxis, minibuses and ordinary taxis run along the same route. Private water transport to Burgas and Nessebar can be used upon agreement.
Despite Aheloy, the village of Sarafovo is 6 km south of Pomorie. Burgas Airport is near the village and is open to international flights, too. The village is situated on the seashore and this in itself gives opportunities for recreation. Lodgings are offered. There are pleasant beaches. Atanassovo Lake is located to the south of Sarafovo in a large lagoon. The waters of the lake are salty and used for salt-mining.
For more information please contact BulgarianProperties office in Bourgas:
Bulgarian Properties Ltd.
10 Vazrazhdane Str., 4th floor
Tel/fax: +359 56 828 449
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